Warts are an infection of the genital parts and anal areas, caused by Human Papillomavirus, which is spread through contact. Sometimes, this virus may also infect the mouth and throat regions. Warts can disappear without treatment, some can grow and spread to other areas, causing itching, discomfort and even pain. Luckily, these infections can be eradicated through topical treatment and physical removal. However, this article will focus on genital warts removal via physical ablation.
How Physical Ablation Works
Depending on the size and condition of warts, the type of physical ablation method applied to remove the diseased tissue may vary. The commonly used methods here include;
- Surgical removal
- Laser surgery
- Freezing/ cryotherapy
- Radio-surgery/ electrosurgery
However, always note that these procedures must always be performed by skilled personnel to minimize injuries and other complications after the process. Here is a detailed account of what is involved in each technique.
Wart Removal Explained
Excision or surgical removal is where the diseased skin or warts are cut off to avoid the spread of the infection. This technique is mainly used to remove warts that have clamped together to form large warts.
Before the cut, the patient is usually given anesthesia to numb the area and minimize pain during the process. Using a surgical knife or scalpel, the doctor then removes the wart before putting stitches to seal off the wound.
The surgical area may be painful after the operation, but this will disappear within two to three weeks afterward. Patients are often advised to abstain during this period to allow healing of the wound.
Laser surgery is another great technique which is suitable for removing large warts that are situated deep inside the skin, for instance, warts that are deep inside the urethra or anus.
This technique requires a laser expert to kill warts by burning it correctly. Like surgical removal, laser surgery requires a local or general anesthesia to numb pain.
Here, liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the wart, killing the virus in the process. This treatment is mainly used when riding multiple warts on delicate body parts such as penis and vulva.
Like other therapies, the patient may experience burning sensation, soreness, blistering and irritation at the area of treatment. To fasten the healing and recovery process, patients should abstain for at least one month after the treatment.
In most cases, electrosurgery is used alongside other techniques such as excision and freezing, particularly when treating large or clamped warts.
After excision, an electric current is passed through the wart via a metal loop that is placed on the wart.